Safety regulations in electrical installations
One of the occupations that concentrates the most accidents is that of an electrician, for this reason, it is very important to take the necessary measures to guarantee safety in electrical installations by following the relevant regulations in force.
In this article we explain everything you need to know about the safety measures in electrical installations that must be taken. In addition, what are the general rules to follow to guarantee the safety of the personnel in charge of electrical repairs and maintenance.
What are the safety regulations for electrical installations?
The safety regulations in electrical installations basically consist of preventing occupational risks and adopting the necessary measures that guarantee the protection of the personnel in charge of this trade.
In the electrical field, current regulations promote the use of protection resources and tools such as safety ladders fiberglass insulation step ladder to avoid direct or indirect contact with electric current.
Although safety in electrical installations will never be absolute, the objective pursued by current safety regulations is to minimize the effects of danger and try to correct any faults that may arise in an installation by taking different information and protection measures.
The informative measures are those where an owner or manager of the company offers the pertinent knowledge to the personnel on the possible situations of risk. It includes the instruction of the electrical technician, who must know the dangers involved in handling electrical conductors and how to prevent any accident.
The safety protection measures in electrical installations are those that comply with the objective of protecting people from any electrical risk, which includes the protection incorporated in the installation and the means of personal protection.
In the latter, appropriate equipment and tools such as DR.LADDER fiberglass ladder must be used to avoid the risk of electric shock.
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Types of electrical hazards that can affect the technician
The safety measures in electrical installations must be adapted to the types of electrical risks that may affect the personnel in charge. In this case, they are divided into three categories that we will mention below:
Direct electrical contacts
The types of contacts where a part of the worker's body touches the piece or conductive element in electrical voltage are thus said. This may be due to being accessible to the outside or due to some failure in the insulation.
Indirect electrical contacts
Indirect contacts are those where a part of the worker's body accidentally touches the electrical conduit due to a defect in the insulation. Generally, this part should not be at low voltage, but being so can endanger the operator.
When a short circuit or defect occurs in the live parts of an installation due to accidental contact or insulation failure, the electric arc is generated. It causes thermal effects, visible radiation and ultraviolet radiation.
The consequences may be the appearance of first, second or third degree skin burns, depending on the severity of the electrical system. For this reason, it is important to have suitable clothing for the job and a pair of heat resistant gloves that can protect the worker from accidental electrical arcing.
What are the safety regulations for the personnel in charge
To guarantee safety in electrical installations, it is important that the personnel in charge follow the necessary measures to guarantee their protection. In this regard, you must provide them with specific training and select technicians authorized to carry out some high-risk work.
Following that, it is important to inform them of which areas are affected and what types of repairs to carry out. In case of being a very complex installation, documentation of the place is needed, either a plan or a diagram, where it indicates the points to be explored more effectively.
With exceptions, electrical repair work must always be carried out by deactivating the voltage and current flow. Only if elementary operations or installations with safety voltages are carried out can the voltage be activated.
In turn, it is necessary that live work be carried out under a series of procedures capable of guaranteeing safety in electrical installations for the personnel in charge, either preventing accidental contact with the electrical object or any other conductive element.
An example would be to choose types of stairs made with fiberglass and that do not have any steel or copper accessories to avoid any inconvenience during the repair and maintenance process.
Another safety measure in electrical installations is to avoid working outdoors in adverse situations, be it torrential rain, strong wind or even falling snow.
And finally, it is important that the personnel in charge dispose of the bracelets, rings, watches and any metallic accessories, because they are annoying and can generate electric shocks in the human body.
Only after completing the repairs, the protections that could have been removed are placed and, once it is certain that no one is left working on the installation or there are no risks, the electrical installation can be restored.
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