According to the study, 72% of workers injured in scaffold accidents attribute them to loose scaffolding pedals or support rods, employees slipping or being struck by falling objects. Scaffolding is an integral part of the construction industry and about 65% of the workforce comes from scaffolding work. Using scaffolding correctly can save a lot of time and money. While they are both convenient and necessary, to ensure proper scaffold safety, everyone needs to be aware of the four main dangers associated with worker injuries.
Four hazards: scaffold safety
1. No guardrail
The fall was attributed to a lack of guardrail, improper installation of guardrail and failure to use personal fall prevention systems when needed. EN1004 requires the use of fall-proof devices when operating at altitudes of 1 m or more. Lack of proper use of scaffold work platforms is another cause of scaffolding falling. Use safety ladders, stair towers, ramps and other forms of access whenever the height of ascending or descending exceeds 1 meter. Access must be established prior to erection of scaffolding, and employees must not be allowed to climb on supports that move horizontally or vertically.
2. Scaffolding collapses
Proper erection of scaffolding is essential to prevent this particular danger. A number of factors must be considered before mounting the bracket. The weight of the scaffold will need to be maintained including the scaffold itself, the material and the weight of the worker and the stability of the foundation
Importance of scaffold safety officers: Professionals who can plan ahead can reduce the chance of injury and save money for any task. However, when scaffolding is built, moved or removed, there must be a safety officer, also known as a scaffold supervisor. The safety officer must inspect the scaffold every day to ensure that the structure remains in a safe state. Incorrect construction can cause scaffolding to collapse completely or parts to fall off, both of which can be fatal.
3. Impact of falling materials
Workers on scaffolds are not the only ones exposed to the dangers associated with scaffolding. Many people have been injured or killed as a result of being struck by materials or tools falling from scaffolding platforms. These people must be protected from falling objects. Foot pads (skirting boards) or nets can be installed on the working platform to prevent these items from falling to the ground or lower working areas. Another option is to set up roadblocks to prevent individuals from walking under the work platform.
4. Live work
Make an operation plan. The safety officer ensures that there is no electrical hazard during the use of the scaffold. Scaffolding shall be kept at least 2 m away from electrical hazards. If this distance cannot be maintained, the danger must be cut off or properly isolated by the power company. The coordination between the power company and the company erection/use of scaffolding shall not be overstated.
Key points for using scaffolding:
Fall protection is required when the working height reaches 2 meters or more.
Provide proper access to the scaffold and do not allow employees to climb or move horizontally or vertically on crosswalks.
Scaffold supervisors shall be present during construction, removal or removal of scaffoldings and shall be inspected daily.
Roadblocks were erected to prevent individuals from walking under the work platform, and signs were placed to warn people nearby.